Srirangam is famous for its Sri Ranganathaswamy Temple, a major pilgrimage destination for Hindus (especially Srivaishnavites) and the largest temple complex in India.According to the temple’s website, Srirangam can be considered the biggest functioning Hindu temple in the world, as it covers an area of about 631,000 square metres (6,790,000 sq ft) with a perimeter of 4 km (10,710 ft).
Srirangam among a few “self-manifested” shrines (Swayam Vyakta Kshetras) of Lord Vishnu. The temple is enormous in size. The temple complex is 156 acres (0.63 km2) in extent. It has seven prakaras or enclosures. These enclosures are formed by thick and huge rampart walls which run round the sanctum. There are 21 magnificent towers in all prakaras providing a unique sight to any visitor. The temple town lies on an islet formed by the twin rivers Cauvery and Coleroon.
The Srirangam temple complex is composed of 7 concentric walled sections and 21 towers gopuram. The gopuram of the temple is called the Rajagopuram and is 236 feet (72 m) tall, the tallest in Asia.
The temple has seven prakaras (elevated enclosures) with gopurams articulating the axial path, the highest at the outermost prakara and the lowest at the innermost. In historic times, just after the construction of this temple, the city of Srirangam lived completely within the walls of this temple and hence is quoted as an example of Hindu religious utopia – during its peak of existence.
The Srirangam temple is one of the three temples of the God Ranganatha that are situated in the natural islands formed in the Kaveri river. They are:
Adi Ranga: the Ranganathaswamy temple at Srirangapattana
Madhya Ranga: the Ranganathaswamy temple at Shivanasamudra
Antya Ranga: the Ranganathaswamy temple at Srirangam
There is a gopuram fully made of gold, which is protected by electrical fence.
Lord Rama performed aradhanam (pooja) to Vishnu’s idol (deity in a reclining posture). As a symbol of love he gifted the idol to Vibishana (brother of Ravana of the Hindu epic Ramayana) to take back with him to Sri Lanka. There was a condition that he could not set the idol on earth and if he did it would seat itself permanently. Vibishana took this idol and while traveling towards Sri Lanka, came upon the banks of the river Kaveri. He placed the idol on banks of river Kaveri, while an utsavam was in progress. When the utsavam got over, the Lord refused to move as he loved the place (Srirangam). When Vibhishana requested him to come along with him, the lord refused but promised to bless Vibhishana by always facing South (the direction of Sri Lanka, home to Vibhishana) Hence it is that the deity (in a reclining posture) faces South. Then Chola kings Dharmavarcholan and Killivalavan developed the shrine into the big temple seen now. They built the basic foundations and main buildings.
Srirangam was one of the Hindu shrine complexes that was sacked (plundered) during Ala-ud-din Khilji’s Deccan invasion, led by his general Malik Kafur. Services at the shrine had temporarily halted following this sack, and were resumed later. lord pallan kilzhi cholzhan found and construct the residence(kovil) for in the name of his ancients, like the temple puri jega nathar, konaark temple, meenakshi temple, ankor vaat, myanmar temple like etc laksh of temples constructed for their name of ancients astronamical place in the world. pallans called as his family name of devendhra, kadu mallar(kadu mal), thiru mallar(thiru mal), perumallar(peru mal), ner mallar(ner mal), ore mallar(ore mal), thaar mallar(thaar mal), marran, varman, cherran, cholzhan, pandian, eashwar, malleshwar, siva, puddha, veera, kudumbanar, kaladi, nedu mallar(nedu mal), aathirayas, mannadiyaars, arasan palli, valli, malli, arasi,malliswari, parvathi, singh,mallishwarar like many more.